With the advancement of science and technology, there are more convenient choices for health management and medical services. This is the case with wearable devices that have emerged in recent years. “wearable devices” or “wearable technology” — that can be comfortably worn on the body or incorporated into clothing and accessories — has had a huge impact on the health care industry. Smart Rings, bracelets, necklaces, shirts… a variety of wearable devices have sprung up with ever-increasing performance, with polymer batteries to provide continuous power, low power consumption, and ready to be recharged. These products can real-time monitoring of the user’s vital signs, and feedback information to the background site, from the background for data analysis, chronic disease management, and so on to provide help.
Related data show that in China, including diabetes, congestive heart failure, hypertension, and other chronic diseases, including up to about 300 million patients, long-term illness, service demand, occupying a large number of medical resources. In chronic disease management, wearable health monitoring equipment can overcome the time and space limitation of patient management and track patients in real-time. Based on monitoring data, wearable devices can automatically alert patients to health risks and prevent serious complications, as well as effectively reduce the cost and time for them to take to see a doctor, reducing the burden of disease. More importantly, wearables help patients become more self-aware and more compliant with a healthy scientific lifestyle. Wearable devices can provide long-term, detailed and accurate data for the diagnosis and treatment of chronic diseases, and improve the efficiency of chronic disease management and prevention, which will greatly reduce the harm of chronic diseases and treatment costs.
The dynamic monitoring and quantifying standards of wearable devices make it easy and accurate for individuals to master their own health condition and sports ability, which is beneficial to self-health management. Some companies are developing a sticker-type heart monitor that attaches to the wearer’s chest to detect heart rate, body temperature, exercise parameters and other indicators. Based on these data, the wearer can scientifically correct the incorrect postures and adjust the amount and intensity of exercise. In addition, excessive exercise can lead to sudden athletic death. With the popularity of wearable devices, more and more junior athletes and sports fans are wearing heart rate monitoring devices in large-scale Marathon Sports, to Avoid Arrhythmia, myocardial ISCHEMIA, heart failure and other conditions to prevent sudden death.
At present, wearable devices gradually penetrate into many medical fields to improve the quality of medical services. On the one hand, wearable devices overcome the one-sidedness of traditional medical testing sampling and can collect monitoring information of patients in real time and continuously. On the other hand, they also expand the content of monitoring, these include steps, heart rate, exercise, brain waves, blood oxygen and sleep. These objective data records are often more accurate than the patient’s self-perception or memory described to the doctor, providing important information for better performance evaluation and support of clinical decision-making. Especially for major surgical rehabilitation, such as cardiac surgery, knee replacement surgery, etc. , the wearable device can provide more timely data feedback, thus assisting the physician to plan and intervene more quickly. During the new crown pneumonia outbreak, a company developed wearable devices that remotely and in real time track suspected new crown patients to determine, based on body temperature, Oxygenation and aspiration patterns, that they were in quarantine and asymptomatic, with symptoms worsening, or the symptoms improve, and the paramedics are automatically notified.
Commonly used 3-4mm thick li polymer batteries are used in wearable products.
|KC/high temperature report
For the elderly, children, pregnant women and other special groups, wearable devices can also provide security monitoring services. For example, some companies have developed wearable devices that can monitor and track fetal heart rate data and send it to smartphone APPS in real time. Other companies have developed home health monitoring products specifically for foetuses, infants and disabled elderly people. On the one hand, these devices collect and transmit various physiological parameters of pregnant women to ensure the safety of pregnant women; on the other hand, they monitor the physiological parameters of foetuses to promote the realization of eugenics.
Although wearable battery devices have huge application prospects, there are still some problems that need to be solved in order to play their role better.
Currently, most of the underlying data for wearable computing comes from databases established in developed countries, such as MIT-BIH. However, there are differences in the data of physical characteristics of people of different races, ages and sexes, such as heart rate of 100 is too fast for adults and normal for young children. At present, wearable devices can monitor hundreds of physical data, such a database has a certain public goods attributes, it is urgent to take measures to build open-source, standard database.
As it involves the laws and regulations of data protection, we should set up the whole process data protection standard to protect the privacy of personal information and promote the safe flow of personal information. At the stage of data collection, it is necessary to guarantee the right of the individual to know and consent, to inform the individual in detail which health data will be collected, and to decide whether or not the individual has consented to the collection of health information. At the data-use stage, the scope of use should be clearly defined and, in principle, personal health data should be used only for the initial purpose of collection and should not be used for other purposes; changes in use require re-authorization and the use of the data can be reviewed by the regulator. In the stage of data storage, we should perfect the safety protection system, localize the important data storage, establish the leakage notification system, inform the data subject in time if the leakage happens, and take remedial measures. During the data destruction phase, the period of custody of personal data should be clarified and any personal data beyond the period of custody should be destroyed, whether or not it has been used. Especially for the disabled, the elderly, infants and other special groups should have a more stringent data protection system.
In addition, to achieve all-weather, long-term, high-precision monitoring, wearable devices need to meet the requirements of human factors and Ergonomics, long-term attachment to human skin without causing discomfort. Otherwise, people don’t want to wear it for long. A number of studies have found that people who use smart bracelets for a period of time are more likely to abandon them. More optimistically, the future of wearables will continue to improve with breakthroughs in flexible materials technology, such as the popular flexible screens.